The Apple Pickers

Rita Angus
New Zealand, 1908-1970
The Apple Pickers  1944
oil on canvas, 858 x 1118 mm
Collection of The Suter Art Gallery Te Aratoi o Whakatū: purchased by public subscription 2014. ACC: 1319

The Apple Pickers is one of those rare art works that has taken a place in our collective conscience transcending the time in which it was created. That time was during World War II. Angus, an avowed Pacifist, came to the Holdaway Orchard in Lower Moutere seeking both a like-minded community and seasonal employment as an apple picker. This orchard later became known as Riverside Community and is still thriving today.

Although she found the work physically demanding, Angus found the environment conducive to ideas for paintings that she would develop once back in her Christchurch cottage. During lunch and smoko breaks she would fill sketch books with drawings of her fellow workers. In an ambitious “conversation piece” format, Angus assembles an ideal community during smoko, relaxing under the apple laden trees. The different skin tones suggest an ethnically diverse group, men and woman as equals under the sun. She is most likely the blonde haired woman in white.

Seasonal workers today are still from all points of the globe, and the degree to which this image resonates with those involved in the Nelson region’s pip fruit industry was amply demonstrated by their generous contributions to the painting’s acquisition fund.

The painting touches on many things that have become intrinsic to the Nelson region:

Significance

The Apples Pickers is significant for its links to the local pipfruit industry, Riverside Community, and migrant seasonal workers.
In 2014, when the artwork came up for sale, the Suter Gallery had just 10 weeks to raise $245,000.

Read about purchase by the Suter Art Gallery’s campaign to buy the work here: https://www.stuff.co.nz/nelson-mail/lifestyle-entertainment/arts/10446549/Suter-in-160-000-bid-for-art-work

And the end result here: https://ruralnewsgroup.co.nz/rural-news/rural-general-news/how-do-you-like-them-apples-cobber

Pip fruit industry

“The new industry which assures profit, pleasure, health and happiness.”
Arthur McKee, Tasman Orchards Co., 1915

Nelson is the second largest apple growing area in New Zealand, producing predominantly the traditional apple varieties of Cox, Royal Gala and Braeburn.

The first orchard in the region was planted in 1845 in Richmond, with the produce being shipped to the West Coast, as well as across the Tasman. Within a few years, Nelson apples were being shipped as far afield as the UK, where, in 1865, a special prize was awarded to a dish of Nelson apples at England’s Cheltenham Horticultural Exhibition.

It was not until the early 20th century when orchards were planted across Moutere Hills that the region established itself as a major apple-growing region, with the Mapua Wharf shipping about a third of the country’s export fruit. In 1934 the one millionth case of Nelson apples was presented to Lord Ernest Rutherford.

Having the Cawthron Institute in Nelson was a bonus, with their research into pest sprays, orchard management techniques and temperature/humidity control in cool stores. This all culminated in a stable and financially viable apple industry by the late 1940s, leading to a boom in the industry from the 1950s to the 1970s.

From the 1980s, the region has seen significant changes with the introduction of kiwifruit and nashi, the decline and re-establishment of hops, and the substantial investment in grapes. Due to the restructuring of the export market, many of the smaller orchardists left the industry while larger growers actively bought and redeveloped land to achieve economy of scale.

New Zealand produces about 5% of the world’s apples.

Riverside Community

“If a group of individuals pool their resources, cooperate and live simply, they can create a resource and surplus income to be used for the greater good of society”.

Riverside founders’ basic principle, c1941

Riverside Community is New Zealand’s oldest planned residential community. It was established in 1941 by a small group of Christian Pacifists who were eager to practice ways of communal living, based on cooperation, sustainability, and the repudiation of war. The founders believed equality and social justice to be the main pillars of peace.

One member of the group contributed 30 acres of farmland and orchard in the Lower Moutere Valley, and some of the group moved there to live. Many of the men spent the war years on prison farms as conscientious objectors while their wives and children lived on the community farm. In 1953, the group formed a Trust, which continues to oversee the Community to this day.

Today Riverside’s land is used mainly for dairy (Riverside Milk), tourist accommodation (Hostel, Sojourn), a large venue available for hire, workshops and other events (Riverside Community Cultural Centre), an art gallery (Che Vincent Gallery) as well as a mechanical/engineering workshop (Riverside Workshop) and a joinery. The Riverside Café is a popular spot between Nelson and Motueka.

There are currently around 25 members and their children living at Riverside along regular trust tenants. During busy times of the year when visitors and volunteer workers come to Riverside, the number of people on Trust land can swell up to around 80.

Visit www.riverside.org.nz for more information.

Seasonal workers

Prior the planting of pipfruit orchards, tobacco and hops were a substantial industry in Motueka, Riwaka, Moutere and the Waimea Plains, and set the tradition or bringing seasonal workers into the region. Orchards rely on seasonal workers, and they, in turn, have had an impact on a region’s growth and development.

Throughout the 20th century, the Nelson/Tasman region hosted a diverse range of local, national and international seasonal workers.

Installation Details

Address:
163 Bridge Street
(Fresh Choice)

Map:

Many thanks to the property owner and tenant for being part of ArtWalk.

Nelson City Centre ArtWalk is a joint project by Make/Shift Spaces and The Suter Art Gallery Te Aratoi o Whakatū.

Provenance

Collection of The Suter Art Gallery Te Aratoi o Whakatū: Purchased from the Burton and Cuthbertson Bequests and with major donations from Carter Holt Harvey; David Blunt; Berkheimer Family Trust; Energie Fruit Charitable Trust; Fern Ridge New Zealand; Freshmax New Zealand Ltd.; G & M Friedlander Trust, Heartland Fruit (NZ) Ltd; Dame Ann & John Hercus; Jenkins Freshpac Systems Ltd.; Joe Waller & Kay Pastorius, Paul Le Gros; Maersk Line; McCliskie Family; Mr Apple New Zealand Ltd; Nelson City Council; Neudorf Vineyards; Port Nelson Ltd; M & J Sturgeon; Turners & Growers; Woollaston Family Trust & significant donations from: H Baigent; Margaret Bailey; Cold Store Nelson Ltd.; Murray Dill; Allan & Claire Grant; Hamish Fletcher Lawyers; Stuart Hebberd; John Liell; John & Diane McKinnon; Nelson Suter Art Society; Sir Geoffrey and Margaret Palmer; Pic Picot; Jane and Nigel Price; Saxton Fruit Ltd.; Tasman Fruit Packers Ltd.; Wai-West Horticulture Ltd & other donations from the public.